(Hình: AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)
Nghe đâu nhiều bạn trong nước (cũng như một số bạn ngoài nước VN) không vô được trang Wikileaks, nên tớ copy lại ở đây bức điện tín của tòa đại sứ Mỹ ở Bắc Kinh, trong đó nói một sếp lớn trong Thường Vụ Bộ Chính Trị TQ lên google tìm tên mình, thấy chúng nó chỉ trích mình, nên nổi giận kêu phá google.
Trong bản của Wikileaks công bố ra, Wikileaks bôi đen tên của nhân vật này. Nhưng báo New York Times, được Wikileaks cung cấp bản gốc, tiết lộ tên ông này là “Li Changchun, a member of China’s top ruling body, the Politburo Standing Committee, and the country’s senior propaganda official.” Xem tiểu sử ông họ Li này ở đây.
Bạn nào vào được trang Wikileaks.ch thì có thể thấy bức điện tín này ở đây. Mã số của nó là: 09BEIJING1336.
Một vài chữ tắt: SOE: State-owned enterprise; CDA: chargé d’affaires; USG: U.S. Government.
Những phần mở ngoặc ở các paragraph number, như (C), (SBU), v.v. là xếp loại bảo mật. Paragraph có “(C)” là “classified”; có “(SBU)” là “sensitive but unclassified” – nhạy cảm nhưng không bí mật. Tài liệu nhà nước Mỹ, trên nguyên tắc, là không bảo mật. Muốn bảo mật phải có lý do. Quyết định bảo mật điện tín này là của tham tán thương mại Robert Luke, và lý do là điều 1.4(b) & 1.4(d) của luật/quy định về bảo mật.
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 BEIJING 001336
State for EAP/CM – SFlatt, PPark, AGoodman
State for EEB/CIP – FSaeed, SFlynn
USTR for AWinter, JMcHale, AMain, TWineland
Commerce for MAC
Commerce for ITA – IKasoff, JWu
EO 12958 XXXXXXXXXXXXX
TAGS ETRD, PGOV, SOCI, SCUL, ECON, CH
Ref: Beijing XXXXXXXXXXXXX
Classified By: Economic Minister Counselor Robert Luke. Reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).
¶1. (C) CDA spoke by phone with XXXXXXXXXXXXX to discuss recent pressure by the Chinese government to censor the company’s Chinese website, accelerated perhaps by the approach of significant political anniversaries. XXXXXXXXXXXXX averred that the root of the problem was China’s Politburo Standing Committee member XXXXXXXXXXXXX who wants the company to remove a link to the uncensored google.com site from its sanitized Chinese version, google.cn. XXXXXXXXXXXXX said Google China has resisted that step as against company principles, though it has taken other smaller measures to try and placate the government. Thus far that tactic has been unsuccessful, and the government has already taken commercial steps against Google, including telling the three dominant SOE telecoms to stop doing business with the company. CDA and XXXXXXXXXXXXX discussed possible USG advocacy, including having imminent visiting Codels and possible Cabinet-level officials raise this directly. For the moment, Google does not wish to go public, preferring to see if current efforts produce results. End Summary.
¶2. (C) XXXXXXXXXXXXX, CDA Dan Piccuta and XXXXXXXXXXXX talked XXXXXXXXXX about the increasing censorship pressure Google is facing.XXXXXXXXXXXX said Politburo Standing Committee member XXXXXXXXXXXX recently discovered that Google’s worldwide site is uncensored, and is capable of Chinese language searches and search results. XXXXXXXXXXXX allegedly entered his own name and found results critical of him. He also noticed the link from google.cn’s homepage to google.com, whichXXXXXXXXXXXX reportedly believes is an “illegal site.” XXXXXXXXXXXX asked three ministries (note: most likely the Ministry of Industry and Information Industry, State Council Information Office, and Public Security Bureau.) to write a report about Google and demand that the company cease its “illegal activities,” which include linking to google.com.
Commercial Consequences Already Visible
¶3. (SBU) XXXXXXXXXXXX said that removing the link to google.com is against the company’s principles, and its leadership has definitively refused to make such a change, despite the importance of the Chinese market. Google recently has officially but “politely” told the government this, XXXXXXXXXXXX noted, and their Chinese interlocutors at the time were visibly unhappy and said they would report the news to XXXXXXXXXXXX . XXXXXXXXXXXX reported that Google had, however, already made some changes to its Chinese site and will continue to make others. Nonetheless, he said China has already asked its three state-owned telecom companies to stop working with China, a hard blow because mobile Internet is Google’s “big bet in China.”XXXXXXXXXXXX said one telecom company is seeking to back out of an existing contract with Google, while the two others have stopped moving ahead with negotiations. Other SOEs have also been asked to stop working with Google in China,XXXXXXXXXXXX said. Read more of this post